The Technology Behind a Live Casino

live-dealers-groupLive casinos are a relatively new form of gambling, which represents the action that takes place in the traditional casino venues. However, the player is enabled to place a wager from the comfort of their home and according to people with knowledge of the matter, live casinos offer a better payback percentage to players. While some claim that only slots have a better RTP, others consider the table games to bring higher profits despite the established house edge. Yet, statistics show that overall, live casinos and brick and mortar casinos have almost the same payback percentages.

Live casinos that pretend to be reputable and popular on a global scale, use software of the leaders in the gaming industry such as Playtech, Amaya Gaming, Microgaming, Realtime Gaming.

What makes the Live casinos so exciting is that the games are run in real time by a human dealer and players are enabled to take part in the game via a console on their computer. In case they have a question or need assistance, live chat is among the available functions.

The physical transactions made by the dealer are translated into data used by the software or to be more precise, by the so-called Optical Character Recognition (OCR). The latter enables the player to take part in the casino action without even noticing a difference between the live dealer casino and the brick and mortar one. In addition, the results of the games are determined by a human instead of being an automated process.

Despite being widely popular among players, live games require the casino to make a considerable investment in staff and technology. An average casino studio usually employs a cameraman, croupiers, an information technology manager and a pit boss. Namely, the expenses related to the live dealer casinos are among the main reasons for the small number of games they offer. Most of them have sic bo, baccarat, blackjack and roulette available. In comparison, the cost of running virtual games is much lower.

A live casino consists of at least three rooms. The first one comprises a live studio, the second is designed as a software room and last but not least, the presence of an analyst room is required. Yet, this configuration may vary from casino to casino.

Depending on the casino you pick, you may also have an option of enjoying live games through the casino’s TV channel or your mobile phone.

Below, you will find information about the components of the live casinos as well as a brief description of their purposes and how they help you make your game session a trouble-free one.

Key Live Casino Components


Needless to say, cameras play an important role in the successful streaming of live games. The latest technological breakthroughs made it possible smaller but more powerful cameras to be used for streaming the live feeds.

Let’s take the game of roulette as an example. Usually, a roulette table has three separate cameras for an overview, shots of the table and the wheel and the third one features the so-called picture in picture display.

Game Control Unit

The Game Control Unit is probably the most important component of the live casino. Every table has a GCU attached to it. The device itself is no bigger than a shoebox and its responsibility is to encode the video that is broadcast. The GCU is the true specialist which assists the dealer in running the game. In a nutshell, no live game is possible without the GCU.


Depending on the game, the live casino room might include a wheel as well. Casinos work with major manufacturers of casino configuration and in general wheels have their built-in sensors and the casino software interfaces with them.



As mentioned above, dealers are responsible for handling the game so the player does not feel even the slightest difference between the online format and the traditional casino games. No self-respecting casino would tolerate a dealer who is not familiar with the game rules, so they make them undergo thorough training. The development of the technologies made it possible every action of the dealer to be tracked by a smart card.


The monitor can show what those players who are online see on their screens. If you are not willing to appear on screen, you’d better sit at an alternative position. Most cameras have the so-called “blind spots”.

The presence of a monitor is important to the dealer too as it urges them to take action when necessary and enables them to keep track of the bets that can be placed and those that can be closed. The monitor also allows the dealer to see the players who are online. As mentioned above, players and dealers can engage in a live chat, so every issue is promptly solved.

Regions Where the Majority of Studios are Located

If you do not have much experience in playing at a live dealer casino but you find this activity enjoyable and profitable, you’d better take the details below into consideration so that you don’t get disappointed in the end.

When you do research about the pros and cons of creating an account in a live dealer casino, you have to take into account the country where the provider is based. If you fail in finding any information about the location of the operator, opting for another casino is probably the best alternative. In most cases, live dealer casinos are streamed either from a traditional land-based casino or from the own live casino of the site.

Another thing that indicates you should stay away from that casino is the type of the software they use and the quality of the live stream. If you have troubles with placing bets, reaching the live chat operator, etc, that is probably a casino that is not worthy of creating an account in.

Blackjack Casino Dealer

Even if you do not keep yourself informed about the development of the casino industry on a global scale, you must have heard about the most attractive gambling destinations in the world. The countries where casino games in online format are available are few, but luckily, more and more authorities consider legalizing remote gambling activities.

As for the US, there are only three states where online gambling activities are legalized – New Jersey, Delaware and Nevada. However, many casinos that are not located in the US accept players from all states. Although the choice is a bit limited, the tendency is the live dealer casinos to continue their expansion.

The only major provider of live stream gaming solutions in Canada is Microgaming. Canada-based players are enabled to create an account in one of the following casinos: 32Red, Platinum Play, Royal Vegas, Roxy Palace, Betway.

When it comes to the place where most of the live dealer casinos are located, Europe and Asia are competing for the first place for live dealer casinos per capita.
Asia is the place where Macau, Singapore and the Philippines are located and every passionate player is dreaming of rolling the dice in one of the exclusive casino resorts there. As for live dealer casinos, the current restrictions country authorities have imposed limits the opportunities for the expansion of remote gambling activities, but the majority of Europe based live dealer casinos, welcome Asian players. The headquarters of one of the major software developers – Playtech, is located in the Philippines.

Speaking of European countries where the live dealer casino sector is developing and the headquarters of some leading casino operators are located, we have to mention Spain, Malta, known as the gambling Mecca of Europe, the UK, Latvia, Ireland, Isle of Man.


Optical Camera Recognition Technology

The Optical Camera Recognition has been successfully integrated into the live casino industry. In brief, this is the technology that records every small detail in the gaming room and allows it to be streamed to players through a video link. Players are enabled to place their bets via a console on their computer screen. If they need assistance, a live chat operator is also available.

The OCR allows everything to be transformed into a piece of meaningful data in electronic format. The Optical Camera Recognition technology captures every action, including the shuffling of the cards, the spinning of the wheel, distribution of hands, which makes the process of playing a live dealer casino game quite similar to those, available in brick and mortar casinos.


The Gaming Process in Stages

Depending on the game you engage in, the stages of the gameplay might be slightly different. Let’s presume you are going to take part in roulette.

First of all, the dealer will be filmed and the software the casino uses will transform the image so that it is compatible with the live stream and the interactive interface of the user. Then, the generated data will become available to all participants in the game as the server will transmit it.

Players are supposed to place their bets and the dealer will ask for some additional information. Meanwhile, players will place their bets, which will be processed by the software the casino runs on. “No more bets” announcement will be made and players will be informed about that in through the server. In other words, the betting buttons will not be active.

Then, the dealer will spin the wheel and the result will be captured by the available cameras.

Players will be aware of the results in a matter of seconds and the information about those who won and those who lose will be displayed on their screens.

If a player wants to continue playing, they are supposed to repeat the above steps upon the completion of the round.

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